Psychiatry is a medical science primarily concerned with disorders of the brain. It deals with mental illness, mental disorders, and conditions such as irritability. These conditions manifest themselves in various thoughts, behaviors, and feelings. Psychiatry deals with the diagnosis and treatment of these conditions.

According to Freud, a person who has the ability to work and love is a healthy person. Of course, various negative feelings may occur in daily life, and problems may arise in coping with these feelings. However, these situations cannot always be considered as symptoms of disease. In order to mature, cope with such situations and develop one's abilities, various methods can be used. On the other hand, such situations can also arise due to a mental illness, and in such cases it is necessary to seek professional help for diagnosis and treatment.

What is Psychiatry?

Psychiatry is a branch of science that deals mainly with diseases of the brain. This field includes diseases such as mental illness, mental disorders, and anger in everyday language. These disorders are manifested by abnormalities in thinking, behavior, and emotions. Psychiatry is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment methods for these disorders. It has become accepted that concepts such as mind and spirit are independent of bodily functions. Psychiatric departments consist of professionals such as psychiatrists and clinical psychologists. Different types of therapy are offered in psychiatric clinics depending on the needs of the patients, including counseling for children and families, counseling for adolescents, personalized testing, intelligence and developmental testing for children (MMPI, TAT, WISC-R, AGTE Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) are offered depending on the needs of patients

What Are Psychiatric Disorders?

Psychiatry can be briefly defined as the study of mental health and mental illness. The field of psychiatry is divided into two categories: child and adolescent psychiatry and adult psychiatry. Adult psychiatry is the branch of psychiatry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders in persons 18 years of age and older. Child and adolescent psychiatry, on the other hand, is the branch of psychiatry that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders in persons under the age of 18. The following are some of the psychiatric disorders that may be designated as such:

  • Addiction
  • Depression
  • Psychotic disorders
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Post-traumatic stress disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • Paranoia
  • Geriatric disorders (Elderly diseases)
  • Sleep problems

Psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents

  • Down syndrome
  • Peer bullying
  • Autism
  • Learning disorder
  • Anxiety problems
  • Learning disability
  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Pediatric and adolescent bipolar disorder
  • Childhood depressions
  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • School maturity
  • Eating problems in children
  • Tic disorders in children

Diagnosis of Psychiatric Disorders

Diagnosis of psychiatric disorders requires observation of the person's behavioral and mood disturbances over a period of time. The diagnostic procedure consists of interviews, diagnostic examinations, and psychometric tests. During the interview, the patient verbally communicates his or her complaints to the specialist. Therefore, the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders is as important as the treatment. These disorders are expressed in the form of symptoms, which are the most important factor in the diagnosis of psychiatric disorders. Therefore, it is necessary to explore the causes of these disorders when the diagnosis is made. These disorders can be associated with biological, physiological and hereditary factors. It is important to seek the assistance of a specialist during the diagnostic process to ensure appropriate treatment. An accurate diagnosis is necessary for an appropriate treatment process.

Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders

Mental and physical health should be considered as a whole. Loss of physical health can equally lead to mental problems. In both cases, with the right diagnosis and treatment methods, people can regain their health. Dysfunctional mental health can also affect physical health. Psychological problems manifest themselves in physical symptoms. Treatment for mental disorders usually involves medication and psychotherapy.

Psychiatric medications are not drugs that individuals can take on their own. However, if a disorder is present, they can be taken on the recommendation of a medical specialist. Anyone can be sad, but depression is a disorder that can be diagnosed by a specialist. Then, a specific treatment plan is applied to the individual. Antidepressants are usually limited to specific situations and should not be taken for an extended period of time unless necessary. Another problem is that individuals who require medication treatment avoid it, leaving them at the mercy of the negative consequences of untreated mental illness. Like medication treatment, psychotherapy should be determined and planned on the recommendation of a specialist. In this way, the success rate of treatment can be high.

What Diseases Does Psychiatry Treat?

Psychiatry is a medical specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of mental and emotional disorders. The goal of psychiatric treatment is to maintain mental and emotional health and treat mental disorders and problems.

What are the symptoms of psychiatric patients?

There may be joint pain, fatigue, lack of communication with others, hopelessness, neglect of personal hygiene, eating disorders, and sleep problems.

Being very angry is a symptom of which disease?

Anxiety, anxiety disorders, personality disorders, excessive alcohol and drug use are just a few of the many psychiatric disorders that can be listed. However, it is also known that various general medical conditions such as thyroid disorders, sleep apnea syndrome, epilepsy, and diabetes can cause irritability.

What causes sudden outbursts of anger?

Anxiety, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, substance abuse, personality problems, and intolerance can lead to anger outbursts.

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