Psychosis is a brain disease that can rampage the person from the facts, so from the real world, to show thoughts, cognition, speech and behavioral problems.

The way a person evaluates what is going on around him, the way he looks at the events, and the relationship with other people are reshaped with the effect of the disease.

In psychosis, the person lives with the real world and the world of thought, which is corrupted, and live awake. The correct detection and interpretation formats are unfamiliar to him. While the pre-valued concepts become meaningless, the values, fears and thoughts that he created in his own world come to be pre-planning.

Psychosis Sub-types




Psychosis of schizophrenia sub-types; it is a serious cerebral disorder that distorts the way people express their thoughts, their movements, their way of expressing their emotions, their perception of reality and their relationship with others. Symptoms should be continued for at least 6 months for a person to be diagnosed with schizophrenia.


Symptoms of Schizophrenia that caused from Psychosis Subtypes

. Delusions: Unrealistic, Strange beliefs that one does not agree to give up even if it is explained by fact based on truth or information.

For example, one may believe that others can hear their thoughts, that he is God or devil, or believe that others have placed thoughts on their heads.

. Hallucinations: Seeing things that are not real, hearing voices, receiving strange fragances,   feeling”strange“ taste in the mouth and having unrealistic sensations and feelings like something has touched, even if nothing has. The most common of patients with schizophrenia is hearing voices (auditory hallucinations). Voices can make feedback about a person's behavior, abuse him, or give him orders.

. Disorders noticed on speaking or behaviour:

These symptoms include the lack of clear thinking and the ability to react correctly.


For example:

• Use meaningless words that make it difficult for the person to communicate and participate in the conversation and forming sentences that have no meaning.

• Passing from one thought to another quickly

• Moving slowly

• Lack of decision-making ability

•  An exagerated writing of only meaningless things

• forgetting or losing some things

• Repetitive movements such as walking in circular movement

• Problems in making sense of what is seen, heard, and felt on a Daily basis

Negative symptoms:

The Word of negative in schizophrenia patients reflects the lack of certain normal behaviors


As example:

• Lack of emotion and expression of emotion, or affective, thoughts and mood that do not meet the situation (eg, crying instead of laughing at a joke)

• Away from family, friends and social activities

• Low energy

• Lack of motivation

•  Unability to enjoy life and Lack of interest in it

• An excessive negative cleaning habbit 

• Problems in school, work and other activities

• Imbalance (being very happy or very sad or having mood swings)

• catatonia (Staying in the same position for a very long time)

Minor Causes of Schizophrenia

The exact cause of schizophrenia is not known precisely, but it is known to be a truly biological disease just as cancer and diabetes. This disease does not occur as a result of poor parenting or personality weakness. Researchers have revealed some factors that play a role in the development of psychosis;


• Genetics (heredity): There is the possibility that the disease can pass from the parent to the child.

• Brain chemistry: Psychotic patients have certain imbalances in certain chemicals in the brain.

Either they are sensitive to the neurotransmitter called dopamine or they produce too much dopamine.

Dopamine imbalance affects the brain's reaction to certain impulses such as sound, odor, and image, which can lead to hallucinations and delusions.

• Brain anomaly: New studies have identified abnormal brain structure and function in psychosis patients. Nevertheless, this kind of abnormality is not seen in all schizophrenic patients and people with no psychosis may experience such abnormalities.

• Environmental factors: Research has shown that social factors, such as viral infection, poor social interactions, or high stress situations, can heritatively trigger disease in people prone to psychosis. Psychosis usually develops during the puberty period and youth period when hormonal and physical changes occur in the body.

For more information: 


Paranoia is a less common subtype of Psychosis known as sanrical disorder. In the case of delusional disorder, the patient has a well-organized, usually single, delusion. Around this delusion there are a number of thoughts to be true. For example, in the "jealousy type", a person claims that his spouse / partner has deceived him with another person, and he cannot be convinced that his rational evidence is not real.  He tries to gather evidence in the direction of his own delusion and interprets every information in this direction. If untreated, the person may even be violent towards the partner.



The main feature of Short Psychotic Disorder; the presence of psychotic symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior not exceeding one month but not less than one day.


The symptoms of schizophreniform disorder, which are sub-types of psychosis, are very similar to the symptoms of schizophrenia, but last for at least 1 month and mostly 6 months. Once this disorder has resolved, they return to their previous level of functionality.


SchizoAffective Disorder

Psychosis includes both schizoaffective disorder, psychosis, and mood disorders. Psychotic symptoms mean loss of contact with reality, which may include hallucinations (seeing things that don't actually exist or hearing voices) and delusions (false, fixed beliefs). Symptoms of mood disorders include sleeping disorders, low or very high mood, energy and appetite changes, lack of concentration, and inadequate daily functioning.



It is the presence of delusions and hallucinations due to direct physiological effects of a substance (an abusive substance-drug).



Psychosis is the type of disorder in which the determined psychotic symptoms occur due to the underlying medical condition

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