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What Is Aphasia?

What Is Aphasia?

Aphasia is a language and speech disorder caused by physical damage or paralysis to all or part of the brain responsible for language and speech.

What Are The Symptoms Of Aphasia?

Major symptoms;

 

  • Difficulty in speech
  • Difficulty in naming
  • Difficulty in understanding
  • Difficulty in reading and writing
  • Speaking can be listed as using strange and inappropriate words.

 

What Are The Types Of Aphasia?

 

The symptoms of aphasia species vary. Common types:

 

Severe aphasia: People with this type of aphasia know what they mean, but have difficulty speaking their opinions and communicating with others. “It's on the tip of my tongue, but I can't say it."The term is used for this kind. Jamming is observed in both written and oral communication.

 

Fluent aphasia: people with this type of aphasia experience difficulties in making sense despite their healthy hearing and ability to read. They often perceive words only by their true meaning, regardless of how or where they are used. Fluent speech is present but meaningful production is highly restricted.

 

Anomic aphasia (fluency): these patients speak fluently and understandably, but also have difficulty naming. They can't name objects or have trouble remembering the word they want to use, even though they have no trouble perceiving it. They also have difficulty in oral and written expression.

 

Global aphasia: the most severe type of aphasia. It is usually seen immediately after the person has suffered a stroke. People with this type of aphasia lose their reading and writing skills as well as their difficulty in speaking and understanding.

Progressive Aphasia: in progressive aphasia, a rare form of aphasia, people gradually lose their ability to speak, read, write, and understand. Patients begin to prefer to use alternative ways of communication, such as hand signals or mimics.

 

Aphasia can be mild or severe. People with mild aphasia can talk and chat, but they may have difficulty finding words or understanding complex conversations. Severe aphasia greatly affects the person's ability to communicate, and patients experience severe difficulties in communicating effectively or understanding what is spoken.

 

How Is Aphasia Diagnosed?

There is a high probability of aphasia following a stroke, brain injury, or tumor. The aphasic condition can be defined after a neurological examination. Diagnosis is finalized as a result of the evaluation of language and speech skills in the process.

How Is It Treated?

Treatment may vary depending on the major factors:

• The patient's age

  • Cause of brain damage
  • Type of aphasia
  • Location and size of the lesion

 

 

 

Language and speech therapy applications in individuals with aphasia help relieve symptoms. In the therapies, communication rehabilitation is targeted by using intervention techniques to help improve the speech and communication skills of the patients. Therapies include many languages and speech production activities targeted at cognitive improvement. The aim of this course is to enable the patients to gain the ability of speaking and language to communicate in a healthy way.

 

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