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Goiter is a disease that occurs due to the growth of the thyroid glands located in the front part of the neck. Different causes can cause goiter.
What Is Goiter?
Goiter is a disease that occurs in the thyroid glands. So, what is the thyroid gland? What does it do? The thyroid gland is a gland located in the front of the neck that regulates metabolism and secretes growth hormones. The thyroid glands need the mineral iodine, and in the case of iodine deficiency, the thyroid glands grow abnormally, and goiter occurs. Goiter can also be caused by too much or too little secretion of the thyroid hormone secreted by the thyroid glands. In goiter disease, nodules are formed by the growth of the thyroid glands.
What Are The Causes Of Goiter?
• The leading cause of goiter disease is not to consume fatty foods from the opening of iodine mineral (iodine deficiency).
Other causes;
• Genetic factors
• Inflammation of the thyroid gland
• Consume more of soybeans
• Cigarette use
• Anemia caused by iron deficiency
• Excessive secretion of the pituitary hormone TSH
• Pregnancy
It is among the causes of goiter disease.
What Are The Symptoms Of Goiter?
• Noticeable swelling in the throat area
• Feeling of pressure in the throat
• Coughing
• Difficulty swallowing and gulp
• Shortness of breath
• Hoarseness
• Palpitation
• Shake
• Dizziness
• Fatigue
• Tiredness
• Headache
• Weight gain
• Constipation
• Hair loss
• Dry skin
• Pain and fever
It is among the symptoms of goiter disease. Sometimes goiter can progress without any symptoms.
How Is Goiter Treated?
Goiter is a disease that can be diagnosed as a result of a physical examination by specialists depending on the size of the nodule. But blood tests, thyroid function tests, and a number of scans are completed to make sure of the goiter and apply the right treatment—one of the critical factors in the treatment of the disease in the early diagnosis. The size of the nodule determines how the treatment is followed after diagnosis. In cases where the nodule is too large, surgery may be required. Surgery is a preferred treatment method in cases where the patient's symptoms are very severe. But in patients diagnosed at an early stage, goiter is usually treated without the need for surgery. Another treatment method other than surgery is the use of drugs. Goiter can be treated, or its growth can be prevented with the medication taken at the dose determined by the specialist.
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