What Is Diabetes

What Is Diabetes


Diabetes occurs due to the inability of a secretory gland called the pancreas, located in the body, to produce enough insulin or use the produced insulin.


Diabetes Symptoms

  • Dryness and itching of the skin,
  • Experiencing a feeling of fatigue and weakness,
  • Involuntary and rapid weight loss,
  • Formation of acetone-like odor in the mouth,
  • Vision becomes blurred,
  • Late healing of wounds,
  • Diabetes can occur as a result of conditions such as numbness and tingling in the feet.


Diabetes develops if the hormone insulin cannot be produced or the produced hormone insulin cannot be used and will continue for life; it cannot remove glucose and sugar that passes into the blood from consumed foods, and blood sugar rises. There are mainly two types of diabetes. It is divided into Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, which is most common in childhood and youth, which can be seen at any age, is a diabetes disease caused by a lack of the hormone insulin. 

In Type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin at all, and it is usually common in adolescence before the age of 40. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, usually occurs in old age, and the body does not produce enough insulin, or cells in the body do not respond to insulin. Type 2 diabetes is a more common type of diabetes.



Causes Of Diabetes

  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Advancing age
  • Maintaining a still life
  • Genetic diabetes
  • Causes such as the birth of a heavier-than-normal baby and the formation of gestational diabetes during pregnancy cause the formation of diabetes.


What Can Be Done To Treat Diabetes?

  • People with diabetes should be educated on this issue.
  • Medical nutrition should be considered a diet program appropriate to the person's diabetes disease should be applied.
  • A diet made with exercise and activities should be strengthened, mobile and healthy life should be provided.
  • A person with diabetes should monitor their condition.
  • Drug therapy that lowers blood sugar should be administered under the control of a doctor.


Why Should Diabetes Be Treated?

  • Treatment is required to lower blood sugar to normal levels.
  • Blood sugar that cannot be controlled can damage the vascular system. It becomes prominent in the peripheral nerves, kidneys, and especially at the bottom of the eyes.
  • Excessive thirst, frequent and abundant urination, such as the experience of conditions,

Treatment is necessary to protect against the harm of high and low blood sugar and maintain a better quality of life.

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