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Alzheimer

What is Alzheimer?

Alzheimer's; The disease is usually called Alzheimer's in the elderly people , when it is difficult for proper conduction of brain signals as a result of the death of nerve cells in the brain.

What are the Symptoms of Alzheimer?

In most people, Alzheimer's symptoms progress slowly. Symptoms may not be noticeable at first. Sometimes, only when family members look back, they can understand when the symptoms started.

Some of the common symptoms of Alzheimer's are as follows;

Impaired Memory and Thought: People have difficulty in remembering and learning new things. Long-term memory loss occurs in the advanced stages of the disease, meaning that the person cannot remember personal information such as the birthplace, occupation or the names of family members.

Disorientation and Confusion: Alzheimer's patients may disappear when they go out on their own and may not remember where they are or how they got there. They may not remember the places and events they knew before. Familiar faces may not even remember at what time of the day or what year they are.

Losing Goods: They forget where they put the items used every day, such as glasses, hearing aids or keys. They can also put their belongings in strange places, such as putting their glasses in the fridge.

Abstract Thinking: Alzheimer's patients may begin to have more difficult tasks than their former tasks, such as balancing a bank account. For example, they might forget the meaning of numbers and what they should do with them.

Difficulty in performing routine tasks: Alzheimer's disease; eating, dressing, self-restoring routine work such as daily routine. They can't plan day jobs.

In the early stages of the disease, Alzheimer's symptoms may be difficult to detect. The person with Alzheimer's disease has problems of memory, judgment and thinking, which makes it difficult for the person to work and to participate in daily life. The death of nerve cells occurs slowly over the years.

What are the Stages of Alzheimer's Disease?

Alzheimer's disease does not do any of its findings in its normal course. Others can be seen in the disease. This means that Alzheimer's disease has symptoms related to other parts of the brain without touching certain parts of it.

Alzheimer's; starting with memory impairment; It creates a table that continues with findings such as attention, concentration, language, and space recognition, resulting in the person becoming unfamiliar and becoming fully dependent .   This is the disease; indicates a dementia that develops and progresses in stages.

Alzheimer's results in dementia due to regional influences. Although the reasons for these selective effects are not clearly known, it is believed that these regions are the transition and linkage areas between the main areas and the fragility caused by the fact that the cell layers are not as definite as the other areas.

Two pathological findings  occur in brain tissue during cell death processes in  Alzheimer's disease .

  1. The first one is the focus of the round cell death called the plaque.
  2. The second is the spindles of broken connection fibers.

 

Prof. A. Oğuz TANRIDAĞ, MD
Neurologist
Prof. Sultan TARLACI
Neurologist
Assoc. Prof. Barış METİN, MD
Neurologist
Physician Celal ŞALÇİNİ
Neurologist

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